Success of positive psychology Popular press: See the annotated bibliography A dedicated journal: See the annotated bibliography section C2 Handbooks:
Introduction In recent years, there has been growing interest in meaning research. In addition to the numerous journal articles on meaning e. However, in spite of the central role of meaning, we still do not have a comprehensive theoretical framework that is capable of incorporating most of the empirical findings on meaning research and logotherapy Frankl, There are already two edited volumes by Alexander Batthyany and associateson research relevant to logotherapy, but these publications have received scant attention from positive psychology researchers.
Although both logotherapy and positive psychology are concerned with how to live a meaningful life, they seem to function in parallel universes, divided by Psychology assumptions differences in Psychology assumptions, worldviews and values.
Such a divide makes integration between logotherapy and positive psychology a daunting task. Though positive psychologists do make an occasional reference to Frankl in connection with meaning research e.
Likewise, logotherapists can benefit from learning more about the empirical findings of positive psychology research on meaning. Firstly, he was the first significant pioneer in restoring spirituality and meaning to psychotherapy. This is particularly important in an increasingly dehumanized, technological culture.
Secondly, he was the first psychotherapist who made the will to meaning, self-transcendence and responsibility the primary therapeutic objectives, which have been largely ignored by mainstream psychotherapists.
Thirdly, I believe that his positive message will complement positive psychology in restoring hope and purpose to all those who are struggling in the negative territories of life. Frankl was unique in that he developed a lofty and noble view of what is right and good with human beings in spite of his immense suffering in Nazi concentration camps.
His personal experiences lent credence to the basic tenets of logotherapy, which were tested and found valid even amid all the dark forces in human existence. The nature of his approach differs from positive psychology because Frankl embraced both the bright and dark sides of human existence and believed that inevitable human suffering could contribute to human achievement and meaning in life Frankl, While he was still a medical student, he applied logotherapy to help high school students struggling with suicidal ideation in Vienna, because of the high suicide rate of this demographic.
At the time of his medical school graduation, he had been able to reduce this suicide rate to zero, thus he was able to establish a reputation for his work in Vienna Batthyany, The dehumanization of individuals as machines resulted in many psychological and social problems such as boredom, alienation, addiction and abuse.
Marshall, personal communication, February 21, Frankl was able to put the basic tenets of logotherapy to empirical test through his experiences at the Nazi concentration camps. Logotherapy became widely accepted during an era of meaning crisis caused by the Second World War and the collapse of traditional values Fabry, ; Graber, According to Frankl, to survive the dehumanization of industrialization and the Nazi concentration camps required a defiant human spirit.
An example of such defiance was demonstrated in the Polish rebellion and the French resistance, in which many freedom fighters gave their lives.
Although they did not survive physically, their moral courage and defiant human spirit had the survival value of empowering others to rise above suffering and pursue a cause greater than themselves. They exercised their freedom of will; they chose to stand up and fight rather than be slaughtered like helpless animals.
They had found something worth fighting and dying for; in so doing, they filled their lives with meaning.
He provides us with a spiritually oriented blueprint for a better future for humanity. Such empirical support, although historical and phenomenological in nature, is no less valid than a typical, artificial experimental manipulation in social psychology research.
Furthermore, his basic ideas resonate with the age-old wisdoms of Taoism and Stoicism. Given the increasing evidence of the lack of replicability of some social psychology findings e.
In spite of this cautionary note, there is still value in rigorous research that is based on well-developed measurement instruments and clearly defined and valid constructs.Psychological Assumptions. STUDY. PLAY. Behaviourist Assumption.
Psychology is a science and should be studied in an objective and measurable way. Although cognitive psychology focuses on internal mental processes, a scientific approach to the study of human behaviour would still be advocated. Beliefs are the assumptions we make about ourselves, about others in the world and about how we expect things to be.
Values are about how we have learnt to think things ought to be or people ought to behave, especially in terms of qualities such as honesty, integrity and openness. 4 days ago · I suggest that the sources of this failure are the assumptions we have about crime and criminality on the one hand, and punishment as the go to solution on .
Humanism rejected the assumptions of the behaviorist perspective which is characterized as deterministic, focused on reinforcement of stimulus-response behavior and heavily dependent on animal research..
Humanistic psychology also rejected the psychodynamic approach because it is also deterministic, with unconscious irrational and instinctive forces determining human thought and behavior. "There's a flip side to everything," the saying goes, and in 2 minutes, Derek Sivers shows this is true in a few ways you might not expect.
The psychology of color as it relates to persuasion is one of the most interesting — and most controversial — aspects of marketing. At Help Scout we believe the problem has always been depth of analysis.
Color theory is a topic of complexity and nuance, but splashy infographics rarely go beyond See ‘n Say levels of coverage.