Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.
It is a particular sentiment that binds together all people in one common bond no matter what their religion, language or history be. We belong to India. India is a vast country with a vast population.
If we get united, this great human force with great resources of the country can carry the whole world with us. The worst tragedy that has devoured up India is complete national disintegration. It appears that India is not a nation, but simply a crowd of separate individuals each differing fro the other, yet living together.
The history of India presents a very poor record of national integration. Disunity is a very old evil. In the pages of history, we find innumerable instances to show that we suffered indignities and humiliations because of our disunity.
Even at the time of national crisis National integrity in india essay whole country could not pull together and the result was defeat the subjugation. We know that a few thousands of Mughal soldiers conquered India, because the native rulers could not unite together, rather they worked against each-other and helped the enemy.
The Rajputs, the Jats, the Marathas and the Sikhs all were brave people beyond doubt, but they could not sit together. They fought separately and were defeated one-by-one. The British regime in India made the first attempt at the unification of the whole country, however superficial.
The English education, dress and habits brought down the some extent the cultural difference. Indians for the first time began to feel a kind of bond among themselves.
Another bond which bounded the people was the subjugation under the British. The bond became very prominent towards the closing year of the British rule in India. Indians at the time were fired with the spirit of nationality.
The national leaders coming fro different states were so much fused that they forgot all the petty differences of caste, creed and language that divided them.
But as soon the British left India, trivial issue began to raise their ugly heads. Every state turned to itself and tried to look to the interest of its own. New slogans were raised and the spirit of fellow feeling and co-operation was substituted by forces that began to play and interplay. The result was that within a very short time after independence the different regions began to show off their supremacy over others.
The disruptive problems of linguist created series cleavage between the two sections of the people of one state. The shameful happenings in Assam over Bengali, Assam controversy and the illegal demand of Khalistan by Akali proved beyond doubt that we have not been able to realize the very fundamental ideal of national integration.
The division of the Punjab over the language issue to a large extent impaired the national unity. A part from this the caste rivalries assumed a dreadful proportions. Though today India is a free country, yet that spirit of unity appears to have evaporated which had made people think that they are one family and one nation.
The crying need of the hour is national integration for a developing country like India.
We Indians cannot afford to be parochial, narrow-minded, provincial and communal because we have a great mission to accomplish. Keeping our feet firmly on the ground we should bring about the integration of the Indian people.
Political integration has already taken place, but emotional integration is a must for national integration. Political freedom has brought in its wake new forces of fanaticism which threaten to destroy the noble concept of one country and one people.
Attachment to caste and community is given priority over devotion to the motherland. Regionalism is raising its ugly head. There are several obstacles in the way of national integration of our country. The most formidable obstacles are linguism, communalism and regionalism.
India is a multi-lingual country. The language controversy started with Hindi being given the place of official language of India. In South India people revolted against this and demanded secession from India.India the integrity of the Indian nation is awfully threatened as the communal quarrels are fanned by the hostile neighbours of India.
Hence, the necessity of strong national Integration in India has become so urgent at present. National integration is the togetherness and oneness felt by the citizens (even after having differences in cast, creed, religion, culture, language, region, etc) of any country to maintain the national unity and integrity as well as build a strong and prosperous nation.
The author is indebted to Ryan DeVries and Alexis Dale-Huang for their assistance in the preparation of this essay, and to Stapleton Roy, Chas Freeman, Paul Heer, Peter Dutton, Ryan Haas, and Jeff Bader for their invaluable comments. The views expressed herein are the author’s alone, however. In.
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