Inscribed upon it was the same text in hieroglyphs, another Egyptian form of writing called demotic, and Greek.
Mystery of the Rosetta Stone Without the Rosetta stone, we would know nothing of the ancient Egyptians Beginning with the conquest of Alexander the Great in BC, Greek was the language of the governing elite in Egypt.
These Greek rulers could neither speak the language of the people nor read hieroglyphs, and this fueled resentment amongst the population. Without the Rosetta stone, we would know nothing of the ancient Egyptians, and the details of their three thousand years of history would remain a mystery.
Captain Bouchard was supervising the restoration of an old fort near the town of Rosetta when he found a block of basalt 3 ft 9 in. The Rosetta stone is written in two languages; Egyptian and Greek and three writing systems; hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek. Captain Bouchard immediately realized its importance to the scholars who had accompanied the French army to Egypt.
In fact the Rosetta Stone is probably the most important archaeological artifact in the world today. After the French surrender of Egypt init passed into British hands and is now in the British Museum.
The content of the inscriptions is not what makes the stone important; the text is simply a decree listing benefits bestowed on Egypt by King Ptolemy V.
But so that all the people could read and understand its content it was written in two languages, Egyptian and Greek.
It was also written in three writing systems, hieroglyphic, demotic, and the Greek alphabet and this is what makes the Rosetta stone such an vital discovery. Since we have never lost our understanding of ancient Greek, the Greek inscriptions provided a key to decoding their Egyptian equivalents.
Young was a physician, physicist, and all-around genius. Egyptology was one of his hobbies and he began studying the texts of the Rosetta stone in AD He correctly identified the cartouche, the oval loop containing hieroglyphs, as the name of King Ptolemy, by finding the corresponding name written in Greek.
From this he determined which hieroglyphs spelled the name of Ptolemy. An historian and brilliant linguist, by the age of sixteen Champollion had mastered not only Latin and Greek but six ancient Oriental languages, including Coptic, the late form of ancient Egyptian that was written phonetically in Greek.
In ADChampollion started where Young left off, and eventually established an entire list of Egyptian symbols with their Greek equivalents. He was the first Egyptologist to realize that the symbols were not only alphabetic but syllabic, and in some cases determinative, meaning that they depicted the meaning of the word itself.
He also established that the hieroglyphic text of the Rosetta stone was a translation from the Greek, not, as had been thought, a translation from Egyptian into Greek.
But more importantly, because he understood Coptic he was able to translate the meaning of the ancient Egyptian words. The work of these two men, especially Champollion, established the basis for the translation of all Egyptian hieroglyphic texts.
There are more than Hieroglyphic illustrations including Egyptian word examples and over hieroglyphs from the Gardiner list. Egyptian Hieroglyphics includes detailed information on the history of Egyptian writing and mathematics, the use of the different types of symbols, how to write your name, how to recognize kings names and the story of the scribe with a video showing how papyrus is made.Mystery of the Rosetta Stone Without the Rosetta stone, we would know nothing of the ancient Egyptians.
Understanding hieroglyphs. Learn to to recognise the names of pharaoh. Photographic archive of hieroglyphs from Egypt. All the content can be printed including typewriter and calculator functions.
Cracking the code: Deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs with the Rosetta Stone; Cracking the code: Deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs with the Rosetta Stone. July 19, Views Be the first to Comment Napoleon in Egypt and the discovery of the Rosetta Stone.
May 01, · THE ROSETTA STONE. (; this ed. ). Robert Sole, Dominique Valbelle, and W. V. Davies. ****. Here is history in the guise of a mystery.
The story of the Rosetta Stone is widely known, but the actual details of its discovery and subsequent translation are less well known/5.
The Rosetta Stone By Thomas Halloran The Rosetta Stone was a crucial part of deciphering hieroglyphs for mankind. The Rosetta Stone is a large piece of dark grey granite.
The Stone is three feet nine inches long and two feet four inches wide. Rosetta Stone is a brand of language-learning software published by American company Rosetta Stone Ltd.
"Rosetta" is the name of a "lightweight dynamic translator" that enables applications compiled for PowerPC processors to run on Apple systems using an x86 processor. The Rosetta Stone was written during the Ptolemaic period, The Rosetta Stone included fourteen lines of hieroglyphs, thirty-two lines of Demotic symbols, and fifty-four lines of Greek.
Its dimensions are approximately one meter tall by seventy centimeters wide by thirty centimeters deep.